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Abdul Suraj

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I am glad you entered the coderzjoint. I know you are here because you want to be a web developer and create your own website. I am happy to tell you that, you are one step away from creating your dream website. Before we dive deeper and get our hands dirty in coding, let’s take some time to understand the web. You have been surfing the web for information every day, but do you really understand the entire web ecosystem. The tutorial will explain in simple English what you need to know about the web and anything that evolves around it.

How It all Began

It all began in Geneva Switzerland at the CERN Laboratories, when Tim Berners-Lee, a graduate of Oxford University, got frustrated because his daily scheduler, his list of phone numbers, and his documents were stored in different databases on different machines making it impossible for him to access them all simultaneously. In 1980 he wrote a program entitled, “Enquire-Within-Upon-Everything”, which enabled him to access his private data across multiple machines and databases. Shortly after writing this program, he left CERN Laboratories to accept another position.

In 1989, he returned to CERN Laboratories and discovered 2 things. 1) No one had done anything with his program and 2) data at the laboratories was even more distributed than before. Shortly after returning, he proposed the use of a hypertext-based system to access the data stored across multiple machines and databases. He believed that hypertext was the solution for providing “a single user-interface” to large classes of stored information such as reports, notes, databases, computer documentation, etc.

Then in 1990, while working on a project to enable information sharing within internationally dispersed teams and the dissemination of information by support groups, he proposed a Web concept.

The project was approved and development began. By November 1990, his development team began testing the following:

  • the Web browser
  • the Web server
  • the protocol to communicate between the client and the server, HTTP
  • the language used to compose the Web documents, HTML
  • the means to locate the information, the URL

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